Population: 27,236,443 Number in Poverty: 4,261,337

Poverty Rate

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Gender & Age

Overall

15.6%
Percentage of people who fell below the poverty line—$24,340 for a family of four—in 2016

Children

22.2%
Percentage of children under age 18 who fell below the poverty line in 2016

Working-Age Women

15.9%
Percentage of women ages 18 to 64 who fell below the poverty line in 2016

Working-Age Men

11.5%
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Race & Ethnicity

African American

20.4%

Asian American

10.7%

Latino

22.3%

Native American

18.8%

White

14.6%

Creating Good Jobs

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Income Inequality Ratio

15.9
The share of income going to the top 20 percent of households versus that going to the bottom 20 percent of households in 2016
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Unemployment

4.6%
Percentage of all workers who were unemployed in 2016
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High School Graduation

89.0%
Percentage of public high school students who graduated on time in 2014-15 school year
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Disconnected Youth

16.0%
Percentage of youth ages 18 to 24 without high school degrees who were not in school or working in 2015
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Higher Education Attainment

37.9%
Percentage of young adults ages 25 to 34 who had an associate’s degree or higher in 2016
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Gender Wage Gap

79.4¢
Median earnings of full-time year-round working women compared to that of men in 2016

Strengthening Families and Communities

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Children Living Apart from Parents

4.0 kids
Children that lived in foster care for every 1,000 children under age 18 in 2015
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Teen Birth Rate

34.6 births
Births that took place for every 1,000 women ages 15 to 19 in 2015

Promoting Family Economic Security

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Hunger and Food Insecurity

14.3%
Percentage of households who were food insecure on average from 2014 to 2016, meaning that at some point during the year, they experienced difficulty providing enough food due to a lack of money or resources.
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Affordable Housing

51.0 units
Number of apartments or other units that were affordable and available for every 100 renter households with very low incomes in 2015. Very low-income households are those with incomes at or below 50 percent of the area median income.
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Assets and Savings

10.4%
Percentage of households that used high-cost, high-risk forms of credit to make ends meet during 2015. This includes payday loans, automobile title loans, refund anticipation loans, rent-to-own, and pawning.
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Unemployment Insurance

28.2%
Percentage of unemployed workers who received unemployment insurance in 2016
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Health Insurance Coverage

31.0%
Percentage of people under age 65 and below 138 percent of the poverty line who did not have health insurance at any time in 2016