The data below reflect the national averages for essential poverty and wellbeing statistics. For data that is specific to states and congressional districts, see our poverty by area tool.

Poverty Rates 1

Overall Poverty Rate: 14.8%

Percentage of people who fell below the poverty line—$23,834 for a family of four—in 2014

Twice the Poverty Level: 33.4%

Percent of people who fell below twice the poverty line—$47,668 for a family of four—in 2014

Half the Poverty Level: 6.6%

Percent of people who fell below half the poverty line—$11,917 for a family of four—in 2014

Child Poverty Rate: 21.1%

Percentage of children under age 18 who fell below the poverty line in 2014

African American Poverty Rate: 26.2%

Percentage of African Americans who fell below the poverty line in 2014

Hispanic Poverty Rate: 23.6%

Percentage of Hispanics who fell below the poverty line in 2014

White Poverty Rate: 10.1%

Percentage of non-Hispanic Whites who fell below the poverty line in 2014

Native American Poverty Rate: 28.3%

Percentage of Native Americans who fell below the poverty line in 2014

People with Disabilities Poverty Rate: 28.5%

Percentage of people with disabilities who fell below the poverty line in 2014


Creating Good Jobs

Income Inequality: 16.4 2

Ratio of the share of income going to the top 20% and bottom 20% of households in 2014

High School Graduation Rate: 81% 3

Percentage of high school students who graduated on time at the end of the 2012-2013 school year

Disconnected Youth: 16% 4

Percentage of youth ages 18 to 24 who were not in school or working in 2013

Higher Education Attainment Rate: 42.3% 5

Percentage of young adults ages 25 to 34 who had an associate’s degree or higher in 2014

Gender Wage Gap: 79.9 cents 6

Women’s median earnings for every dollar of men’s median earnings in 2014

Unemployment Insurance Coverage: 27.4% 7

Percentage of unemployed workers who received unemployment insurance in 2014


Strengthening Families and Communities

Children Living Apart from Parents: 5 8

Number of children who lived in foster care for every 1,000 children under age 18 in 2013

Teen Birth Rate: 26.5 9

Number of births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 19 in 2013


Promoting Family Economic Security

Hunger and Food Insecurity: 14.0% 10

Percentage of households who were food insecure in 2014

Affordable and Available Housing: 57 11

Number of housing units in 2013 that were affordable and available for every 100 renter households with low incomes

Savings and Assets: 7.0% 12

Percentage of households in 2013 that used high-cost, high-risk forms of credit to make ends meet

Lack of Health Insurance Coverage: 23.2% 13

Percentage of people under age 65 and below 138% of the poverty line who did not have health insurance in 2014


1. Carmen DeNavas-Walt and Bernadette D. Proctor for the U.S. Census Bureau, “Income and Poverty in the United States: 2014” (United States Department of Labor, 2015), available at https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2015/demo/p60-252.pdf
2. United States Census Bureau, Shares of Aggregate Household Income by Quintile: 2014 American Community Survey 1-year Estimates, (U.S. Department of Labor, 2014) available at http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_14_1YR_B19082&prodType=table
3. National Center for Education Statistics, Public high school 4-year adjusted cohort graduation rate (ACGR) for the United States, (U.S. Department of Education, 2015), available at https://nces.ed.gov/ccd/tables/ACGR_2010-11_to_2012-13.asp
4. Kids Count Data Center, Persons age 18 to 24 not attending school, not working, and no degree beyond high school, (The Annie E. Casey Foundation, 2015), available at http://datacenter.kidscount.org/data/tables/5063-persons-age-18-to-24-not-attending-school-not-working-and-no-degree-beyond-high-school?loc=1#detailed/1/any/false/36/any/11485
5. United States Census Bureau, Sex by Age by Educational Attainment: 2014 American Community Survey 1-year Estimates, (U.S. Department of Labor, 2014) available at http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_14_1YR_B15001&prodType=table
6. United States Census Bureau, Selected Population Profile in the U.S: 2014 American Community Survey 1-year Estimates, (U.S. Department of Labor, 2014) available at http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_14_1YR_S0201&prodType=table
7. Employment and Training Administration, Unemployment Insurance Summary Data, (U.S. Department of Labor, 2015), available at http://www.workforcesecurity.doleta.gov/unemploy/content/data.asp
8. Kids Count Data Center, Children 0 to 17 in Foster Care, (The Annie E. Casey Foundation, 2015), available at http://datacenter.kidscount.org/data/tables/6242-children-0-to-17-in-foster-#detailed/1/any/false/36/any/12985,12986
9. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “National Vital Statistics Reports: Births Final Data for 2013”, Vol. 64 No. 1, (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2015), available at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_01.pdf
10. Alisha Coleman-Jensen, Matthew Rabbitt, Christian Gregory, and Anita Singh for the Economic Research Service, “Household Food Security in the United States in 2014”, No. 194, (U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2015), available at http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/1896841/err194.pdf
11. National Low Income Housing Coalition, “Housing Spotlight”, Vol. 5 Issue 1, (2015), available at http://nlihc.org/sites/default/files/Housing-Spotlight_Volume-5_Issue-1.pdf
12. Federal Deposit Insurance Commission, Custom Data Table Tool: Alternative financial services, (FDIC, 2015), available at https://www.economicinclusion.gov/custom-data/index.html
13. United States Census Bureau, Health Insurance Coverage Status by Ratio of Income to Poverty: American Community Survey 1-year Estimates, (U.S. Department of Labor, 2014), available at http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_14_1YR_C27016&prodType=table